History

AVIATION HERITAGE

1783 – Montgolfier Brothers construct the first lighter-than-air vehicle (a balloon)
1900 – Count Ferdinand Zeppelin’s airship flies
1903 – Orville and Wilbur Wright fly first self-propelled airplane
1905 – Orville and Wilbur Wright fly first sustainable, controllable self-propelled airplane
1909 – Louis Bleriot crosses English Channel in a monoplane
1909 – Raymonde de Laroche becomes the first licensed female pilot
1913 – Salim Ilkucan crosses Sea of Marmara by achieving the longest over-sea flight in a doubleplane
1918 – United States Post Office establishes airmail service
1922 – Bessie Coleman becomes the first licensed African-American aviator in the world
1924 – First flight around the world
1926 – Lindbergh makes his first Chicago-to-St. Louis airmail flight
1926 – Air Commerce Act marks first federal attempt to set safety regulations for civil aeronautics and requires the registration and licensing of pilots and planes
1927 – Charles Lindbergh makes first solo, nonstop transatlantic flight
1930 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh becomes the first licensed female glider pilot in the United States
1932 – Amelia Earhart becomes the first female pilot to cross the Atlantic Ocean
1933 – Boeing 247 is built
1937 – Zeppelin Hindenburg burns
1942 – Tuskegee Airmen all-Black 99th Fighter Squadron forms
1946 – Radar bounces off the moon for the first time
1947 – The sound barrier is broken by Chuck Yeager
1950′s – Technologies such as long-range missiles, computer systems, electronic controls, combustion chemistry, and new composite structures made possible by the aerospace industry
1953 – Jacquelin Cochran becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier
1958 – The first American satellite to be placed in orbit around the Earth, “Explorer 1″, is launched
1959 – NASA selects its first seven astronauts
1961 – Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space
1969 – Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first persons to walk on the moon
1971 – NASA’s Mariner 9 orbits Mars, becoming the first spacecraft to orbit another planet
1971 – Boeing 747 makes its first commercial flight from New York to London
1972 – NASA announces the shuttle program
1976 – Concorde flies
1978 – NASA selects its first group of women astronauts
1981 – First Space Shuttle flight
1983 – Sally Ride, the first American female astronaut, becomes the first U.S. woman to go up in space on the Space Shuttle Challenger
1986 – Challenger Space Shuttle explodes shortly after takeoff, all seven crew members die
2003 – Aviation celebrates its first century
2005 – The world’s largest passenger plane, the Airbus A380, was unveiled

Excerpts from www.lindberghfoundation.org